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¡¡¡¡Abstract
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¡¡¡¡Project management, as a branch of management, is one of the major new management technologies developed in the late World War II. It originated in North America and is a brand new business management model. The research object of this paper is a Sino-foreign joint venture company, whose main business is the design, development, manufacture, import and export sales of automobile parts. With the development of China's automotive industry, the competition between the automotive parts manufacturers and the automotive parts manufacturers becomes more and more fierce. They keep their market share by constantly improving their manufacturing management and R&D capabilities.
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¡¡¡¡Most of the traditional project management models are designed for the development of a single customer or a single project. All the resources of the whole company are focused on a single project. The technical level of products and customer needs are relatively simple, and the outbreak of project problems is less. With the rapid development of the automotive industry in recent years, the number of automotive brands and models has doubled, the order of automotive parts manufacturers has doubled, and the trend of project management has changed to multi-project parallel development. In multi-project concurrent development, all kinds of project problems continue to erupt. D company finds that if the original traditional project management mode is persisted, it will inevitably increase more project problems,cause imbalance of resources and may miss the opportunity to reduce costs and improve efficiency, and will gradually lose competitiveness in the market competition.
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¡¡¡¡With the development of automobile industry, automobile parts enterprises have changed from single project management to multi-project concurrent development management. The problems encountered in multi-project management include resource imbalance, unclear project responsibilities, difficulty in standardization, low work efficiency, communication problems among different project members and waste of project resources. Great difficulties and challenges.
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¡¡¡¡The research in this paper is also due to the development of PMO model in China. In the early 1990s, PMO mode provided only a few services and support work, not the direction and guidance of project management for them, but was more used by enterprises to control project managers. In the late 1990s, PMO appeared in large numbers. At this time, the role of PMO began to change to overall management of all projects of the whole enterprise, systematic project set management.
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¡¡¡¡The normal business operation of the company is more and more inseparable from the project. The normal execution of the project promotes the continuous development of the enterprise operation. The cruelty of the competition in the modern business society makes it possible for any enterprise to fall into a dilemma because of the failure of individual projects.
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¡¡¡¡The success or failure of the project is inseparable from the success or failure of the enterprise in today's society, which results in the urgent need for PMO. The automotive parts belong to the core products of automobiles, which belong to both legal and safety parts. With the development of the enterprise to a certain scale, the internal working relationship will become more and more complex, and management hopes to establish an ideal environment for thesmooth implementation of business strategies.
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¡¡¡¡Therefore, this paper tries to use PMO model to optimize the project management system of D company, analyze the application of PMO model in D company, strategy, common management mode and management tools, and the effect in D company, and ultimately realize the optimization of project management system and system of D company.
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¡¡¡¡This paper collects the multi-project management problems of the research object D company, optimizes the multi-project management of D company based on the introduction of PMO mode, and solves all kinds of project problems encountered in the process of multi-project concurrent development. PMO provides support and decision-making for various projects in multi-project management with the role of consultant. The project is managed as a whole to achieve the goal of resource balance and rational optimization of organization. PMO mode is introduced to improve the project management level of D company. Based on PMO mode, the project management of the research object is optimized to make up for the deficiency of the traditional project management mode of the research object in multi-project management. PMO mode is designed in the multi-project management of the research object, and the optimization scheme of project management is studied.
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¡¡¡¡Through the analysis and suggestion of PMO mode in D company, it can provide some useful and practical suggestions for other automobile parts manufacturing enterprises. At the same time, PMO model can also solve the problem of resource imbalance faced by D company in the process of multi-client and multi-project synchronous development. For example, two customers need to test and verify the parts at the same time. The equipment needed for the test is the same equipment. The equipment can not carry out two tests at the same time, and the test equipment conflicts. The product designer of the two projects is the same person. It happens that the product engineer has to attend two meetings as a designer,which leads to the conflict of human resources. When conflicts occur, project managers often refuse to give in to each other, and the contradictions are easy to escalate. When non-dedicated lines encounter resource conflicts such as delivery conflicts of different projects, the application of PMO model can rationally integrate, allocate and coordinate resources (human, machine, material, law, ring, etc.).
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¡¡¡¡Multi-project management is a realistic problem faced by enterprises or organizations in the modern market environment. It is of great practical significance to explore how to design the organizational structure in the multi-project environment for the healthy development of enterprises. PMO mode has become an inevitable choice for enterprises or organizations to pursue overall optimization and development coordination under multi-project management environment. It plays an irreplaceable role in resolving resource balance between projects and maximizing the overall interests of enterprises, coordinating the relationship between projects and functional departments, and establishing multi-project support and monitoring system.
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¡¡¡¡Key words:   PMO, Project Management£¬Projectized Organization.
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